What is Macular Degeneration?
The disorder that affects the central portion of your vision is known as Macular Degeneration. This in fact affects your ability to see things clearly, as the disorder is known to cause detrimental problems to the retina and macula. When we open our eyes, light immediately enters the pupil and hits the retina, which is responsible for giving us the details of what we see. When the retina in our eyes begins to deteriorate, it will cause our vision to go blurry, regardless of it being our central vision or peripheral vision. Macular degeneration is common among people over the age of fifty and it’s known to be one of the top reasons for vision impairment.
When this disorder starts developing, it would begin to hinder our ability to get by with day to day tasks. Since the central vision is being affected, it is important that you get the condition treated as soon as you can. What many people don’t know about this condition is that there are numerous types that may affect someone. When the disorder starts developing, most people will experience dry eye conditions, where the tissue layer is beginning to diminish. With the development of this disorder, you will ultimately feel that your vision is slowly losing its strength. The next stage in this condition is where you experience wet conditions, where both blood and water content is exposed into the tissue lining.
The retina cells are very light sensitive and with increased blood and water content in the tissue, it could seriously cause vision impairment. In all cases of macular degeneration, patients will experience the loss of central vision, which is by far the most needed and detailed vision capability. If you feel that there are blind spots within your central vision, it may be a sign that you have starting developing this disorder. In treating this eye disorder, you will need to meet with an optometrist, who would perform a series of eye tests to see how well you can see and how well your retina responds to light. Some of the common symptoms of this condition include,
- Loss of Vision, Blurred Vision, Blind Spots
- Irregular Vision, Color Changes, Shadows
There is no one reason that explains the cause of macular degeneration, but it has been tested and confirmed that genetics, aging and eye strain could play an active role in the condition. The macula tissue does begin to deteriorate as people age, but it is just faster for people with this disorder. Additionally, if your family history has signs of eye problems, it could explain why you may be experiencing the disorder.
As a form of prevention against this condition, you should stay away from excess sunlight and heavy smoking. Women have been known to become susceptible to this condition far more often than men, so gene and chromosome build in the DNA does make a difference. With the use of proper medications and treatments, you will be able retain your vision and possibly stop macular degeneration from developing any further.